Tag Archives: national holiday

Mooncakes and Mid-Autumn Festival

News and Travel Editor

Happy Mid-Autumn Festival! You may have also heard it referred to as the ‘Moon’ Festival, or maybe even the Lantern Festival. So what is it, and how is it celebrated?

Mid-Autumn Festival

  • Mid-Autumn Festival is always celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese lunar calendar, when the moon is farthest from the earth and appears bright and completely round. 
  • This festival has been celebrated for over 3,500 years – and in China, people take a holiday to spend it with their families.
  • Some Chinese people believe that the Mid-Autumn Festival is the perfect time to find a partner, as the moon acts as matchmaker!
  • Some couples wanting to have children bathe in the moonlight in the hope that the moon will bring them a “good harvest”.
  • Traditionally, people usually give Moon cakes as gifts. Find out more below:

    Mooncake

  • Mooncakes are round as the shape symbolises eternity.
  • Mooncakes represent long life and happiness, to receive one is to be sent wishes for your success and good health.
  • They have different fillings depending on where in China you are. This can include: lotus seed paste, sweet bean paste, nuts and seeds, egg yolks and jujube paste
  • Usually, the Chinese character on the top of the Mooncake explains what type of filling is inside.
  • Mooncakes should always be served with a strong cup of hot tea. Enjoy! (Want to make your own at home? Check out this recipe from Omnivore’s Kitchen)

    moon-cake-master
    Photo from The World of Chinese

 

 

Origins of Mooncakes

There are many different stories that explain the significance of Mooncakes to the Mid-Autumn festival. One story goes that secret letters were hid inside Mooncakes telling the Han Chinese to rebel against Mongol Rule on the day of Mid-Autumn festival. Another popular belief is that Mooncakes are made and consumed as an offering to the Moon Goddess Chang’e. But, who is Chang’e? Time to settle in for a story.

The Legend of Chang’e and Houyi

The legend of Chang’e dates back even further than the Yuan dynasty, with early versions of the story being having been found as early as the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046BC) 

There are several versions of the story of Chang’e. In this version, Chang’e lived in heaven with her archer husband, Houyi. They were both immortal. Heaven was ruled by the Jade Emperor who had 10 sons.

The story goes that one day, the Jade Emperor’s sons transformed into ten suns, scorching the Earth and killing all the plants and wildlife.

The Jade Emperor summoned Houyi, the archer, to stop his sons and save the Earth.  Houyi shot down nine of the Jade Emperor’s sons, leaving just one as the sun.

The Jade Emperor wanted to punish Houyi for killing nine of his sons, so banished Houyi and Chang’e to live as mortals on Earth.

Chang’e was devastated to have lost her immortality. As a result, Houyi set out on a quest to find something to restore it called the Elixir of Immortality. He succeeded!

In one version of the story, Chang’e consumes the elixir to prevent Houyi’s evil apprentice Feng Meng from getting hold of it. In another version, she finds the elixir and consumes it by accident.

The stories end the same way. Chang’e becomes immortal and flies to the moon where she lives alone except for a jade rabbit, Tuye.

She and Houyi are separated forever across the galaxy in the ultimate long distance

358px-Chang'e_Flying_to_the_Moon_(Ren_Shuai_Ying).jpg
Chang’e flying to the Moon

relationship. Happily, in some versions of the story, Houyi can cross the milky way and get closer to Chang’e at Mid-Autumn festival. Eat your heart out, Romeo and Juliet, these two are the literal star-crossed lovers.

To celebrate Mid-Autumn Festival, we sent out Mooncakes to some of our favourite bloggers.

Check out Amanda Bootes insightful and entertaining take on the festival on her blog!

10 Things You Need to Know About Dragon Boat Festival

News and Travel Editor

Dragon Boat Festival takes place on the 5th Day of the 5th Lunar Month, which this year falls on Thursday 9th June. Here are 10 facts that teach you everything you need to know to understand this colourful and exciting festival.

  1. Dragon boat racing has been in China for over 2,000 years. The practice is believed to have started around the time of the first Olympic games.
  2. A drummer or a caller guides the rhythm of the paddlers.
  3. There are dragon boat clubs in over 60 countries. The organisation that governs international competition is called the International Dragon Boat Federation.
  4. Dragon Boat races are usually 500 meters long, but can vary from 250m to marathon length!
  5. The sport of dragon boat racing celebrates the life and death of Chinese poet Qu Yuan. He was banished after opposing an alliance the king wanted to enter into, and eventually committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth month of Chinese Lunar character. This is why the festival is always held on this day!
  6. Dragon boat races are inspired by how the villagers tried to recover Qu Yuan’s body by paddling out on boats.
  7. After Qu Yuan’s death, the local people threw rice into the river to keep the fish from eating his body. Later, they threw rice wrapped in reeds (to prevent the fish eating it) into the river. This is the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival delicacy called zongzi, glutinous rice stuffed with meat or other fillings that are wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves.
  8. Children decorate their clothes with coloured and scented pouches. According to Chinese folklore, these pouches protect them from evil in the next year!
  9. Around the festival, people clean their houses and put mugwort leaves and pine root onto doors to prevent disease.
  10. Dragon Boat Festival was celebrated as a public holiday in China for the first time in 2008.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dt4EATMJNkc